PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ <div class="_h8t"> <div id="js_i9l" class="_5wd9 direction_ltr" data-tooltip-content="18:34" data-hover="tooltip" data-tooltip-position="right"> <div class="_5wde _n4o"> <div class="_5w1r _3_om _5wdf"> <div class="_4gx_"> <div class="_d97"><span class="_5yl5">WELCOME TO <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is <strong>international</strong> and academic journal that will make publications in all fields of social sciences. The purpose of <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is to be an interdisciplinary social science platform in which everybody associated with writing and notion can say their words. 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It was a qualitative study conducted in the Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. A total of 6 older people aged &gt;60 years and suffering from the chronic disease were selected for this study. The data were collected by an in-depth interview. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis with the help of the NVivo 12 QSR program. Older people with chronic disease were still able to be active in worship, socializing with the surrounding environment, working, doing the daily chores, and doing older people gymnastic. The benefit of staying engaged in the activity, including the ability to feel happy, be motivated to get a reward, exchange ideas, and share experience, help others, be calm, and have good health.&nbsp;This study emphasized the importance of being engaged in activities for older people to achieve happiness even though there had poor health status.</p> Santi SULANDARI Afrilin Dewi PURNAMA Mei WIJAYANTI Fitriana Dwi HASTUTI Permata Ashfi RAIHANA Copyright (c) 2020 Santi SULANDARI, Afrilin Dewi PURNAMA, Mei WIJAYANTI, Fitriana Dwi HASTUTI, Permata Ashfi RAIHANA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 1 13 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.146 Gratitude, Self-Esteem and Optimism in People with Physical Disabilities https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/150 <p>The psychological problems experienced by people with physical disabilities are feeling hopeless and uncertain of their future. They feel the future will be dismal. They also feel afraid of not having proper education, jobs, and place in society, not be able to work normally, fail in lives, rejected, and not be able to give the best to their loved ones. This condition indicates non-optimistic. Optimism is an essential psychosocial resource for protecting the health and influencing human functioning. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between gratitude and self-esteem with optimism in people with physical disabilities. The samples of this study were people with physical disabilities, aged 18 - 35 years old, attended social rehabilitation and totaled 106 people. Data collection methods were gratitude scale, self-esteem scale, and LOT-R. Analysis of the data used multiple regression analysis. The analysis indicates that there is &nbsp;a &nbsp;significant relationship between gratitude and self-esteem with optimism in people with physical disabilities. The contribution of gratitude and self-esteem variables to optimism is 48.1%. People with physical disabilities have optimism and gratitude in the high category, while self-esteem in the medium category.</p> Rini LESTARI Maharani FAJAR Copyright (c) 2020 Rini LESTARI, Maharani FAJAR https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 14 21 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.150 Victim Identification, Framing Heuristic and Stress Effects on the Donation Decision https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/154 <p>The tendency of an individual to share his beings with other people arises from the social aspect of human nature. Especially in today's conditions where the gap between advantageous and disadvantaged groups is getting deeper, donation is extremely important to reach a global level of welfare and to create fair living standards for all. Due to the stated priorities, donation behavior has an important place among both religious and moral values. However, the factors that lead an individual towards donation behavior are not only social rules. In addition to external factors, important internal factors such as emotions also play a big role in the donation decision. In addition, there are many variables such as the donated thing itself, total assets of the donor and indeed the characteristics of the donor. Donation behavior, which is widely examined in the literature, is also considered as an important decision making subject.</p> <p>In our study, the effects that motivate an individual towards a donation; along with the donation amount and the ratio of donation, were examined with framing heuristics which express the individual's knowledge of the victim. The mentioned variables were associated with stress as one of the strongest negative arousal output, to understand the emotional aspect of a donation decision. The stress levels of the participants, who manipulated by two different scenarios, were monitored with galvanic skin response to determine the decision-making scenarios which triggered stress. As a result; it has been found that the individual's effort to gain the money he donates and the features of the donation call significantly affect the decision.</p> Nihan TOMRİS KÜÇÜN Sezen GÜNGÖR Copyright (c) 2020 Nihan TOMRİS KÜÇÜN, Sezen GÜNGÖR https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 22 29 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.154 Effects of Employee Motivation on Organizational Performance at Ethiopian Telecom South West Region Jimma https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/162 <p>The study examined the effects of employee motivation on organization performance of crews in Ethio telecom South West Region Jimma. The data were collected through self-administered questionnaire from 229 respondents and 219 were returned.&nbsp; Both primary and secondary sources of data were consumed in this study. The quantitative research approach was implemented and simple random sampling technics were adopted to provide equal chances for respondents. Exploratory research design and data was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The correlation analysis indicates that there was a positive relationship between the independent variables and dependent variables. The result of the regression implies that the independent variables &nbsp;have accounted for 78.1% of variance in the dependent variable. Based on the outcome of the study, the researcher recommend that, it is better if the company focuses on employee motivation factors, mostly Promotion, employee benefit, teamwork and training so as to improve its performance.</p> Wolde SHIFERAW DUBAGUS Eminent NEGASH Aregu ASMARE Shimekit KELKAY ESHETE Copyright (c) 2020 Wolde SHIFERAW DUBAGUS , Eminent NEGASH, Aregu ASMARE , Shimekit KELKAY ESHETE https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 30 40 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.162 Foreign Language Learning Anxiety Among Low Intermediate Level EFL Students: A Comparison of the Anxiety Levels of Students Attending Three Different Turkish State Universities https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/180 <p>The present study examined the general foreign language classroom anxiety of preparatory school students according to the type of University and gender. The sample consisted of 282 students from three preparatory schools. The students were from Anadolu Univeristy, Osmangazi University and Dumlupınar University. There were 150 male and 132 female students. One-Way ANOVA showed that there were no significant differences among the level of foreign language anxiety of preparatory school students from different Universities. In addition to considering anxiety in a gender differences t-test showed that female students have been found much more anxious than mail students in foreign language anxiety.</p> Esen SPAHI KOVAÇ Copyright (c) 2020 Esen SPAHI KOVAÇ https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 41 48 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.180 Child Refugees in Europe https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/148 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper provides an overview of the literature on the current refugee crisis in Europe, which primarily focuses on the situation of refugees that are children. Due to its magnitude, the world is currently facing one of the biggest humanitarian crises it has ever witnessed. Millions of people and young children have fled their home countries and became refugees The horror of wars and conflicts has affected all of the refugees while undoubtedly, it has had a more profound and significant impact on the children refugees. The rights of these refugee children are paramount, and one of these rights is that they are provided with safety and resources that will help them cope with the crisis while also ensuring they are provided a chance to a brighter future.</p> <p>The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights. The European Union and the whole world have a direct responsibility to provide basic necessities such as food, shelter, education, health which can help and alleviate the mental and emotional suffering which the refugee children face. My research will focus on three important aspects of the child refugees crisis in Europe The general conditions of the children refugees, the conditions of camps especially in Italy, Greece, and Spain, and how the crisis has affected their daily lives and mental health. In the end, my conclusion will focus on the question of, what are the policies which Europe has to change which are designed to help and lead the refugee children which to a better future<br />The aim of this paper to have a better understanding of children refugees in Europe and to raise global awareness about their conditions and the humanitarian crisis at hand. My research will consist of information from academic articles, published books, various websites, data from previous studies, and resources.</p> </div> </div> </div> Seda YAZGAN HADZIBULIC Copyright (c) 2020 Seda YAZGAN HADZIBULIC https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 49 54 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.148 Formulative Policy of Death Penalty for Corruptors in Indonesia https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/151 <p>Corruption is committed by state officials, law enforcement and other related parties. Various efforts have been made by the government in preventing and eradicating corruption in Indonesia, but the efforts that have been made have not yet gotten optimal results. The fundamental weakness in eradicating corruption in Indonesia is the formulation of the main criminal sanctions in the form of criminal threats that are facultative, uncertain or must be. So that the corruptors are never deterred or afraid. In the future, the legislators need to reformulate the provisions of Article 2 paragraph (2) of the Republic of Indonesia Law Number 31 of 1999 as amended to Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2001 concerning Eradication of Corruption. Various criminal law policies still need to be carried out by the state in order to eradicate corruption to achieve the expected results. This type of research in this paper uses the type of normative legal research. The type of approach is in the form of a legal approach related to corruption. There are two legal materials used, namely primary legal materials and secondary legal materials, with legal material collection techniques used in the form of library studies. The analysis technique used is descriptive, interpretation, evaluation and argumentative techniques. The research in this paper intends and aims to examine and analyze the facts and phenomena of corruption that are stated in specific legislation concerning criminal sanctions (capital punishment) for corruptors in Indonesia. Moreover, corruption is qualified as an extraordinary crime so it needs extraordinary handling as well.</p> Ni Wayan SINARYATI I Gede ARTHA Copyright (c) 2020 Ni Wayan SINARYATI, I Gede ARTHA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 55 69 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.151 Why are Certain Students Further from Achieving Their Desired Level of English Proficiency? https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/153 <div> <p class="Standard"><span lang="EN-US">This study deals with proficiency of students towards English Language Learning. It includes ELT </span>strategies that can properly motivate students to learn the language without betraying where they come from. Although many of them are afraid that learning English might assimilate them, therefore, they hesitate to learn English due to their Educational system which makes them fearful of losing their identity.</p> </div> Fëllanza CANOLLI MALLET Copyright (c) 2020 Fëllanza CANOLLI MALLET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 70 73 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.153 Legal Status of Flat Unit Ownership Certificate (Strata Title) in Indonesia https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/155 <p>This study seeks to examine the legal status of flat unit ownership rights between Law Number 5 of 1960 and Law Number 20 of 2011; by using normative legal research (statute approach and concept approach), this research concludes: the legal status of flat unit ownership certificate as stipulated in the Law Number 5 of 1960 and Law Number 20 of 2011 cannot be said to have a conflict of legal norms. The difference in interpretation of those laws can be resolved by: (1) The principle of <em>lex specialis derogat lex generale</em>, means specific laws (in this case is Law Number 20 of 2011 concerning Flats) overrides general laws (in this case is Law Number 5 of 1960 concerning Basic Agrarian Law); (2) Article 16 paragraph (1) letter h of Law Number 5 of 1960 concerning Basic Agrarian Law provides: other rights not included in the previously mentioned rights will be stipulated in the law, as well as the temporary rights as referred to in article 53; thus, the term flat unit ownership certificate can be accepted because it does not conflict with applicable laws and regulations.</p> I Made Herman SUSANTO Ibrahim R. Copyright (c) 2020 I Made Herman SUSANTO, Ibrahim R. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 74 77 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.155 Criminal Policy in The Management of Road Traffic Accidents https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/156 <p>Acceleration in modern life requires acceleration, including acceleration on the highway. The accumulation of interests that are centralized on this highway creates a conflict of interest that ends in material loss or loss of life. Many road users do not realize that the legal consequences of negligence are categorized as criminal acts because they cause others to suffer. Legal politics the issuance of Law Number 22of 2009 concerning Road Traffic and Transportation as an embodiment of criminal policy to provide legal protection and legal certainty for citizens who are casualties of road traffic accidents. Through criminal policy, it is expected that there will be order, smoothness, security in road traffic and legal certainty and legal protection for road users.</p> Yulius Harya PAMUNGKAS Moch. BAKRI Prija DJATMIKA Rachmad SAFA'AT Copyright (c) 2020 Yulius Harya PAMUNGKAS, Moch. BAKRI, Prija DJATMIKA, Rachmad SAFA'AT https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 78 83 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.156 Urgency of the Public Services Supervision on the Regional Government Implementation https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/164 <p>This study examined the supervision of public services as stipulated in Law 25 of 2009, namely regarding public services and Law 23 of 2014 concerning regional government. Supervision carried out in the law is to give authority to each of the existing institutions or institutions, causing overlapping existing authority. Giving authority to officials will give birth to the rights and obligations to achieve the goals and intentions specified in the legislation. The rise of corruption cases occurs because of the weakness of existing supervision of government administration, especially in public services. In this case corruption will foster public distrust of public services. The form of maladministration carried out by public service providers is always associated with behavior in services performed by public officials and the norms of behavior of officials in public services. In addition, these problems are also caused by the opportunities and authority given to be abused and the low quality of public services in various service sectors. Supervision of public services can provide certainty about the public services provided by the government whether it has been running according to targets and objectives and is a way to find out as early as possible maladministration that might occur so that effective and accountable government can be realized.</p> Ida Ayu KETUT KARYANI I Wayan PARSA Copyright (c) 2020 Ida Ayu KETUT KARYANI, I Wayan PARSA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 84 88 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.164 Some Criminogenic Factors Affecting the Appearance of Corruption in Kosovo https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/166 <p>Corruption as a phenomenon, not only destroys the economic base of a country, but it violates the basis of its legal system, legislation, judiciary, public-private institutions, cultural and health institutions, social policies of society and others. In order to know and study the phenomenon of corruption, we must definitely stop at some criminogenic factors which have a significant impact on the appearance of the occurrence of corruption. Thus, corruption as a criminal occurrence is present throughout the history of the state and human society and as such has always been considered as an immoral and harmful social occurrence. Corruption is especially expressed in times of crisis of certain societies, but also along with the strengthening of the state, the development of business activities, the interference of the state in the economy and the bureaucratization of society it has found its housing of presence as a criminal occurrence. Today, the occurrence of corruption has become one of the obvious problems in most countries almost all over the globe. Factors that have influenced the appearance of this occurrence are numerous, such as: the transition of society, economic crises, unemployment, poverty, mass media, the war and the circumstances of the war, the unresolved housing problems, etc. For this, in recent times, corruption has been characterized as one of the most negative social occurrence. Cooperation between relevant state institutions and citizens for this type of criminal activity is extremely important for detecting corruption as a criminal offense.</p> Agnesa BEKA Copyright (c) 2020 Agnesa BEKA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 89 92 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.166 Legal Responsibility for the Acts of Performed by the Media in Kosovo https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/172 <p>The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of how the media generally function in relation to their responsibilities to the state. Knowing that despite the legal protection enjoyed by the media under international conventions and in general domestic legislation, all criminal offenses committed through the media are defined in one way or another by adequate legal norms to prevent and sanction such offenses abusive.</p> <p>During the different periods of law adoption in Kosovo, it is evident that the sphere of criminal and civil liability for criminal offenses committed through the media has changed. This is due to the fact that various provisions have not infrequently been used to restrict freedom of expression, which is otherwise the most basic, but also the most sensitive provision provided by Article 10 of the International Covenant on Human Rights. Therefore, in this paper will be explained the fluidity of the legislation on criminal and civil liability for criminal offenses committed through the media and that starting from international conventions, the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, international legislation compared to domestic, comparison of provisions which with the old codes have been defined as criminal offenses, while today those offenses are considered of a civil character and for these offenses there is only civil liability.</p> Laura TAHIRI Milot KRASNIQI Copyright (c) 2020 Laura TAHIRI, Milot KRASNIQI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 93 98 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.172 The Reform of Public Administration in Kosovo https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/175 <p>The reform of Public Administration in Kosovo is an essential part of the State-Building process. By the administrative reform, the Government aims to modernize the Public Administration, to strengthen its capacities and to make it more efficient and accountable. The post-conflict period in Kosovo from 1999 when the building of the new Public Administration in Kosovo began until the beginning of the administrative reform is a relatively difficult period for Kosovo. The reform of the Public Administration in Kosovo is manifested in two ways: first, in relation to its own development structure and, secondly, in relation to the functions it performs, the effects which are realized and the services provided to Institutions and citizens. The implementation of E-Government in Public Administration in Kosovo enables all efficient categories of Government services, at any time and from any distance, in order to meet daily needs of citizens. E-Government modernizes the administration and enables the creation of an efficient and accountable management at all levels of administration. Through the provision of electronic services to citizens, Kosova will be part of Europe.</p> Milot KRASNIQI Laura TAHIRI Azem KOLLONI Copyright (c) 2020 Milot KRASNIQI, Laura TAHIRI, Azem KOLLONI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 99 102 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.175 The Importance of Oral Language Proficiency in EFL Online Teaching Setting https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/173 <p>English language, as an international language has been used in North Macedonia as a foreign language in schools for a considerable amount of time now. English teachers have tried to convey new ways of teaching this language, furthermore adapting to the main four skills in a meticulous manner.</p> <p>However recently, all of the teachers, were confronted with a worldwide pandemic situation which shaped a different scenario of teaching. A different mechanism that all of the teachers are getting used to, which is online education. The purpose of this study is to analyze how effective was teaching English online for the pupils oral proficiency, whilst communication in English language was limited. Videoconferencing and converting lessons into videos and send them as documented evidence, were two of the main tools mostly used from teachers in schools in Gostivar. The methodology used for this research was qualitative, and it uses two instruments, an observation, and an interview.</p> <p>The overall study results show that, even though pupils showed improvement in EFL (English as a foreign language) oral proficiency, since the materials used to lecture online where persuasive; some students also had difficulties learning autonomously, without depending on the teachers help. Furthermore, according to the interview responses, the appropriate and detailed lesson planning, helps in combining activities which would emphasize speaking more in online teaching classes.</p> Flora AMITI Copyright (c) 2020 Flora AMITI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-31 2020-08-31 4 2 103 108 10.32936/pssj.v4i2.173