https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/issue/feed PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL 2020-12-31T07:40:26+00:00 LUAN VARDARI info@prizrenjournal.com Open Journal Systems <div class="_h8t"> <div id="js_i9l" class="_5wd9 direction_ltr" data-tooltip-content="18:34" data-hover="tooltip" data-tooltip-position="right"> <div class="_5wde _n4o"> <div class="_5w1r _3_om _5wdf"> <div class="_4gx_"> <div class="_d97"><span class="_5yl5">WELCOME TO <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is <strong>international</strong> and academic journal that will make publications in all fields of social sciences. The purpose of <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is to be an interdisciplinary social science platform in which everybody associated with writing and notion can say their words. 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Conventional cryptographic techniques form the basis of today's cryptographic algorithm. The different categories of algorithms have their respective features; internally, in performance and implementation. Cryptographic schemes and mechanisms have undergone continuous improvement. The application of cryptography has grown increasingly, ranging from limited use in state institutions to widespread use by private individuals and companies. The increased use of the Internet has significantly influenced the nature of applications and the way we communicate. Data security dictates the use of different cryptographic techniques. For this reason, we analyze in detail the various coding techniques by evaluating their performance and efficiency. Regarding the new paradigms in cryptography there are also new cryptographic schemes whose application requires detailed study and analysis. The classical cryptography algorithm is the oldest algorithm that was used long before the cryptographic system was discovered. Currently, the system has been widely applied to secure data, and using new methods in a way to improve existing methods. In this thesis the use of cryptographic methods using the C # programming language will be discussed.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Naim BAFTIU https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/158 Kosovo Integration in European Union 2020-07-22T12:52:39+00:00 Rinor REXHEPI rr45098@universum-ks.org Vigan SAHITI vs44849@universum-ks.org Florim RULLANI fr44896@universum-ks.org <p>Kosovo is a new state which has just been established and has not yet been fully promoted in the international arena. Kosovo drafted a foreign policy strategy which consisted of key objectives such as lobbying for new recognitions and establishing diplomatic relations with the states that had recognized us. The purpose of the research is to measure the opinion of the citizens of Kosovo on the importance of Kosovo's integration into the EU, to measure the challenges, opportunities of Kosovo's citizens after integration, the impact it has on the economic field and to measure the opinion of state officials and experts on integration in EU.</p> <p>Total of 400 respondents from all over Kosovo, a senior government official and two integration experts participated in the research. The research was conducted through a survey of citizens through the online platform and interviews with officials. We confirm the results of the research that the citizens of Kosovo will not migrate even after Kosovo's integration into the EU, and the integration of Kosovo has a significant positive impact on the development and economic prosperity of businesses. On the other side, it has been found that there are gender differences in terms of their opinion on the impact that EU integration has, and some citizens fear that integration would negatively affect their lives. So we recommend that Kosovo should be integrated into the EU as soon as possible in order to have a genuine economic development and for this the future legislatures should work seriously on this.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Rinor REXHEPI, Vigan SAHITI, Florim RULLANI https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/187 The Impact of Motivation on Organizational Commitment: An Empirical Study with Kosovar Employees 2020-10-19T19:05:21+00:00 Qëndrim BYTYQI qendrimbytyqi077@gmail.com <p>Motivation and Organizational Commitment are determinant factors that directly influence the success of the organization. Work motivation is the process that initiates and maintains goal-directed performance, Commitment encourages employees to voluntarily engage in the organization and have an intention to be members of the organization for the long term. This study investigates the relationship between motivation and organizational commitment. An online survey was conducted with 207 participants across Kosovo. The results of regression analysis show that motivation has a significant effect on organizational commitment. The model summary shows that work motivation explains 36% of the change in organizational commitment. The coefficient of work motivation) shows that work motivation has a strong and positive effect on organizational commitment. Positive and strong correlation found between work motivation (WM) and organizational commitment (OC). As much the employees are motivated that means they automatically will increase the job performance.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Qëndrim BYTYQI https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/183 Assessment of Environmental Noise in Cities: A Theoretical Approach 2020-08-24T23:52:36+00:00 Daniel Isaí GONZÁLEZ GÓMEZ daniel_31187@hotmail.com Rebeca DE HARO MOTA deharo@uan.edu.mx Susana MARCELEÑO FLORES susana.marceleno@uan.edu.mx <p>Environmental noise is a major problem with increasing presence in cities; its effects are not only assimilated into the environment, but also impact on human health. Noise sources are part of the city's daily life and it has not yet been given due attention, although prolonged exposure causes often irreversible physiological and psychosomatic damage.</p> <p>This paper presents a theoretical approach from several authors that expose the different tools that can be used the measurement and evaluation of environmental noise. These authors, to explain the causes and effect of environmental noise in cities consider various variables such as: sound pressure levels, weather conditions and urban structure.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Daniel Isaí GONZÁLEZ GÓMEZ, Rebeca DE HARO MOTA, Susana MARCELEÑO FLORES https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/178 The Impact of Digitalisation on Human Resources Development 2020-08-08T09:00:30+00:00 Ardelin LUMI ardlin.lumi@gmail.com <p><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">The paper is a summary of the stud</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">ies</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> conducted by several authors on the impact of </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> on human resource management. In the paper </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">the </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">filtering is done by classifying the authors according to the data and results. The first division presents a general summary of the positive and negative aspects of </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">Digitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> in HRM processes. The second </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">section</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> talks about the impact of </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> on the recruitment process, its impact on the recruitment process, the changes </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">which happened in t</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">he </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">improvement </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">aspects. The latest </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">part </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">emphasizes the impact of </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> on the training and development process, on the importance of </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> in training in this case in the hotel</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">s’ sector</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">. The literature used in the paper is mainly taken from prestigious journals</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> to increase the quality of the paper</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">, a</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">s well as </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">geographical filtering of the works </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">which </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">has been done</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> in this relation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">, taking works by authors from different countries. </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">Digitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> is one of the essential processes of technological change, changes that</span></span> <span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">affected every HRM process. The drastic changes made in human resources have created and accelerated many </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">other </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">changes in </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">HR</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> processes. Most authors point out that </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> and technological developments</span></span><a name="_GoBack"></a><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> have created an ever-changing era,</span></span> <span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">some </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">of them </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">emphasiz</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">e </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">the importance of </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> at work, and some others think that the HRM course has changed completely. Russian authors discuss the impact of the </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">Digitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> process on employees by discussing the aspect of negative sides. Nevertheless, all the authors agree that </span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">d</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15">igitalisation</span></span><span class="s10"><span class="bumpedFont15"> and technological change are inevitable and that investing in this aspect is indisputable. As the world rotates, everything is in motion.</span></span></p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ardelin LUMI https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/182 The Use of Contracted Forms of Albanian Language in Electronic Media Texts 2020-08-19T21:06:36+00:00 Flamur SHALA flamur.shala@uni-prizren.com Xhafer BEQIRAJ xhafer.beqiraj@uni-prizren.com <p>The contracted forms of literary Albanian are of dative case of all persons singular and plural and of the accusative case in the third person singular and plural. In certain syntactic constructions they merge and thus form connected contracted forms. When used near each other, the first is dative, while the second is accusative. Their use according to the norm are correct. Their topic in the sentence is arranged and a linguist or a lecturer should not miss the omissions in texts with short, separate, or connected forms. On the contrary, we encounter misuses of short forms of Albanian in texts of published and electronic media. They are incorrectly used in some syntactic constructions, marked by case in case, one by one. Contracted form locations and their referral to a different pronoun or name as a repetition of an object appear to be harmonized with the respective forms as an object or its repetition. They are placed in front of the verb forms of each tense. Except in imperative they have a double topic. The contracted forms during usage in the dative and accusative cases directly mark direct or indirect object. The contracted forms of the first and second person singular and plural, in the dative case, are often used to mark directly the indirect object. (p. 226) The misuse of the contracted forms is more common in the third person of the dative case when i.e. singular (i) is used instead of plural (u). We also encounter the incorrect use of the contracted forms of the second person plural of the dative case (juve) you instead of (atyre u). This research reveals the wrong use of contracted forms in the texts of some electronic media (portals) in Pristina and Tirana.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Flamur SHALA, Xhafer BEQIRAJ https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/197 Assisted Reproduction and Reproductive Rights - Comparative Aspects between Republic of North Macedonia and Republic of Kosovo 2020-12-05T11:50:45+00:00 Arta SELMANI arta.selmani@seeu.edu.mk Julinda ELEZI elezijulinda@gmail.com <p>Developments in science and technology have, among other things, challenged the family. Human values, which change in step with this technological progress, have faced many legal, moral and ethical dilemmas which await answers from the science on bioethics. We are in such a situation when we discuss about many advances in contemporary and national family law, including new forms of family reproduction that differ from a natural process of child conceiving. The authors in this paper bring comparative aspects of biomedical and family legislation of the Republic of North Macedonia and Republic of Kosovo. Among other things, they emphasize that given the traditional and biological model of the family in our society, new reproductive forms are a very reserved topic in the family and biomedical field, but it awakens a curiosity of discussions on ethics, philosophy and legal regulation of reproduction of human beings in both countries. The numerous stereotypes that prevail in the society of both countries regarding the application of artificial reproduction technology methods are contrary to many legal and medical justifications for couples who do not have the opportunity to become parents&nbsp; in a biological (natural) way.</p> <p>Therefore, the purpose of the authors is to provide accurate and grounded information through this text about the legal framework and medical options available to all persons who wish to exercise their reproductive right to establish a family.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Arta SELMANI, Julinda ELEZI https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/194 The Caesar Law for The Protection of Civilians in Syria: Objectives and Ramifications 2020-11-21T18:10:55+00:00 Ali MADOUNI ali.madouni@univ-biskra.dz Hichem DERRADJI hichem.derradji@univ-msila.dz <p>This research aims to demonstrate Caesar's law to protect civilians in Syria and its effect on the social and economic circumstances of millions of Syrians stuck in their country because of the state of the siege imposed by the law's sanctions. The question tries to focus on how the law can achieve its human aims under the negative economic consequences it has on civilians, relying on the new political economy approach. It tried to interpret the non-economic activity of politicians under the Economy cover. Accordingly, The United States continues to tighten its hold on the Syrian system to exercise pressure on Syria, and to make political compromises and start significant political reforms immediately. Still, the direct targeting of Syrian economic structures through the law-imposed blockade has isolated the Syrian regime and cut off all official economic ties externally. It is encouraging the escalation of dealings with informal mediators, which has led to a sharp collapse in the Syrian Lira and a significant increase in consumer prices, which has been reflected negatively on the social reality in the light of the marked increase in poverty rates.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ali MADOUNI, Hichem DERRADJI https://www.prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/188 The Concept of Law and Justice 2020-11-07T22:28:48+00:00 Ilir QABRATI ilirqabrati1@outlook.de <p><span data-contrast="auto">From the views and changes that have followed the dynamism of our society,</span> <span data-contrast="auto">u</span><span data-contrast="auto">ndoubtedly, law and justice have played a crucial role as a very abstract term that has been consumed almost from the first beginnings of human society to </span><span data-contrast="auto">our modern</span><span data-contrast="auto"> day</span><span data-contrast="auto">s</span><span data-contrast="auto">.</span> <span data-contrast="auto">Beyond the events and circumstances that societies in the past have had and organized by defining and choosing the way of life, and often times the right has been personalized by a certain group of people, or by a military division that has given rights and has created justice, in certain interests and for personal and charismatic purposes it has been denied a certain part of society, and has often been deformed in scandalous ways by reflecting,</span> <span data-contrast="auto">on the fact that the giver of this right has often been pointed out to be the man</span><span data-contrast="auto">, </span><span data-contrast="auto">but this convulsion in no case has lasted long, and often this theory has remained unrealized, reflecting that right is something natural and that the individual gains at the moment of birth and enjoys it to death,</span> <span data-contrast="auto">this divergence and complexity of the way of perceiving the law has often resulted in wars and the acquisition of this vital right.</span><span data-ccp-props="{&quot;201341983&quot;:0,&quot;335551550&quot;:6,&quot;335551620&quot;:6,&quot;335559739&quot;:160,&quot;335559740&quot;:360}"> </span></p> <p><span data-contrast="auto">Through this paper we will draw philosophical and legal paradigms, analyzing from a retrospective way of the application of law and the applicability of justice, as an important mechanism of regulation of social relations.</span><span data-ccp-props="{&quot;201341983&quot;:0,&quot;335551550&quot;:6,&quot;335551620&quot;:6,&quot;335559739&quot;:160,&quot;335559740&quot;:360}"> </span></p> <p><span data-contrast="auto">Law and justice have a common path of development, one by regulating the way of life of the people, that is, by issuing norms and the other by giving justice to the relative complexity and cohesion of interpersonal relations.</span><span data-ccp-props="{&quot;201341983&quot;:0,&quot;335551550&quot;:6,&quot;335551620&quot;:6,&quot;335559739&quot;:160,&quot;335559740&quot;:360}"> </span></p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ilir QABRATI